Police force

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Major Changes:

  • By 1850 the Bloody code was abolished - The only crimes punishable by death were murder or treason.
    • 1868 - Public executions ended
    • Transportation was abolished soon after
  • Prison sentences became the most common punishment for serious crime and prisons were totally reformed to efficiently and tightly controlled institutions.
  • Professional police forces were set up - Metropolitan force in 1829
    • Village constable had struggled for centuries to deal with crime

Major impact on revolution on policing and punishment

  • Rising Crime and rising fear of crime
  • Changing attitudes to the Bloody code and punishment in general
  • The role of the government - Increasing intervention and greater wealth

Policing before 1829

  • 1700's old methods of policing used:
    • Unpaid and had full time jobs in addition to their role:
      • Hue and cry
      • Constables
        • Not much chance of success in busy areas
      • Watchmen

Ideas to improve policing

  • John Fielding and his brother Henry - magistrates based at Bow streets
    • Realised more men were needed on the streets of London to prevent crime.
    • A civilian horse patrol to stop highwaymen 
    • Bow street runners - Team of thief takers - patrolled the streets of…


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