Plato 428 - 348 BC

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Plato was a DUALIST and thus believed in the existence of a SOUL.

DUALISM: The belief in a mind, body and soul in unison.

Plato was the pupil of Socrates and thus developped many of his ideas from Socrates. Plato also wrote all of Socrates' teachings down and Socrates did not write his own.

Plato used the analogy of the CHARIOTEER to describe dualism. It goes as follows:

  • The CHARIOTEER is the MIND.
  • His two HORSES are the BODY and SOUL.
  • The MIND is keeping the BODY and SOUL in unison with one another.
  • Just like a CHARIOTEER and his HORSES.

Plato created the first universities named after the philosopher Academous, he created the ACADEMY.

Plato also conjured up his own theory to back up his DUALIST ideals. This was known as the THEORY OF THE FORMS.

Plato believed in two seperate worlds. One known as the MATERIAL WORLD which is the world we currently live in, and one which is the ETERNAL WORLD the world of the forms and souls.

In the ETERNAL WORLD souls live and are created. Everything has a perfect form in the MATERIAL WORLD and this perfect form exists in the ETERNAL WORLD.

For example: A cat can be many different colours, there are various types of cats, BUT: there is a perfect cat in the ETERNAL WORLD OF THE FORMS. Why do we recognise a cat when we see one? because our soul remembers seeing the perfect form of a cat when it first came in the WORLD OF THE FORMS. Therefore it will always remember what a cat is and what it looks like. It also explains how sometimes babies recognise somthing with no previous knowledge of it.

When we die, our soul returns to the WORLD OF THE FORMS.


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