Plant Cell Specialisation


Plant cell specialisation 

I should be able to: 

  • Describe how root hair cells, xylem cells and phloem cells are specialised to carry out their function. 

Specialised Cells 

  • Most plant cells are specialised. 

  • Meaning they have special adaptions which help them to carry out their particular function.  

  • When cells become specialised, scientists call this differentiation. 

Root Hair Cells 

  • These hairs increase the surface area of the root, so it can absorb water and dissolved minerals more effectively. 


  • The root hair increases the surface area of the root. 

  • Root hair cells do not contain chloroplasts,


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