Principles of Training - SPOR
Specificity - Training must be matched to the needs of the sporting activity to improve fitness in the body parts the sport uses.
Overload - Fitness can only be imporved by training more than you normally do. You must work hard
Progression - Start slowly and gradually increase the amount of exercize you do and keep overloading.
Reversibility - Any adaption that takes place as a result of training will be reversed when you stop training. If you take a break or don't train often enough you will lose fitness.
Principles of Training - FITT
Frequency - Decide how often to train
Intensity - Choose how hard to train
Time - Decide for how long to train
Type - Decide which methods of training to use
Principles of Training - Aerobic and Anaerobic
In Aerobic exercise, which is steady and not to fast, the heart is able to supply enough oxygen to the muscles. Areobic training improves cardiovascular fitness.