Physical Education Glossary
Aerobic - ‘With oxygen’. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.
Agility - The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
Anabolicsteroids - Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth.
Anaerobic - ‘Without oxygen’. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
Anorexic - Pertaining to anorexia – a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.
Balance - The ability to retain the body’s centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static (stationary), or dynamic (changing), conditions of movement, shape and orientation.
Balanceddiet - A diet which contains an optimal ratio of nutrients.
Betablockers - Drugs that are used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect.
Bloodpressure - The force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the blood vessels.
Bodycomposition - The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.
Cardiacoutput - The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute.
Cardiovascularfitness - The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
Competence - The relationship between: skill, the selection and application of skills, tactics, strategies and compositional ideas; and the readiness of the body and mind to cope with the activity. It requires an understanding of how these combine to produce effective performances in different activities and contexts.
Coordination - The ability to use two or more body parts together.
Diuretics - Drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion.
Ectomorph - A somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness.
Endomorph - A somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness.
Erythropoietin (EPO) - A type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count.
Exercise - A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness, it is not competitive sport.
Fitness - The ability to meet the demands of the environment.
FITT - Frequency, intensity, time, type (used to increase the amount of work the body does, in order to achieve overload).
Flexibility - The range…