What is a Phobia?
An Irrational and disproportionate fear of a particular object, situation or activities which disrupts everyday life. usually accompanied by panic attacks and fight or fligt response.
The Diagnostic and Statistical maual of Mental disorders states that there are 3 types of phobias.
Specific Phobias- split into 5 sub groupes,these phobia are of :
Specific Phobias have to be triggered immediately,excessive/ unreasonable and interfere with everyday life.
Phobias affect 10% of the population, more women than men
Agoraphobia- Split into 2
Agoraphobia with panic attacks
Agoraphobia without panic attacks
Social Phobias- split into 2
Specific Social phobia- fear of specific social situations
Generalised social phobia - fear of many types of social situations
Watson and Rayner - Little Albert
They Classically Conditioned Albert to have a phobia of white rats- Albert then generalised his phobia to white fluffy creatures which resembled white rats.
UCS ---> UCR
Loud noise ----> Crying
UCS + NS…