Philosophy exam - Unit 4


Georges Lemaitre/Big Bang Theory (Part A)

-put forward the Thoery of the Expanding Universe

-also suggested that the Universe emerged from the Singularity (Big Bang Theory)

-was deeply relgious but discouraged anyone from connecting the primeval atom with the act of Creation by God

-science is concerned with truth and impartial to religion

-God did not need science to prove divine creation and He cannot be reduced to a theory

-presence of God is above scientific explanation

Stewardship (Part C)

-living in a way that recognises that everything belongs to God

-if Christians are good stewards, God will reward them

-looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation

-God gave humans the right to rule over the earth, and this gives humans many responsibilities


'Use of the resources of the universe cannot be divorced from moral imperatives.' [Catechism of the Catholic Church 2415]

'Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbour, including generations to come.' [Catechism of Catholic Church 2415]

Sanctity of Life (Part B)

-all life is special because it comes from God

-human beings are created in the image of God and are given a soul by him 

-human life is a precious gift from God amd this should not be violated

-some Christians therefore live in a way which shows respect to all humanity (not overeating, drinking alcohol, smoking etc)

-Christians become doctors/nurses to help preserve human life

-can influence attitude towards other issues such as abortion and euthanasia 

-everyone has a responsibility to ive their life in the way that God wants, find out his purpose for them and follow that


Abortion (Part D)

-variety of views about when life truly begins- some believe that an embryo starts with the soul of a


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