In Philosophy, the tern 'phenomenon,' is used to describe things as they appear to our senses.
-The world only makes sense because we impose meaning and order on it by constructing mental categories that we use to classify andn file information coming from our senses.
-For example: A category such as four legged furniture that we use to eat off of enables us to identify this particular set of sensory data that it is table.
In this view, we can only obtain knowledge about the world through our mental acts of categorising and giving meaning to our experiences .
The world as we know it is a product of our mind.
Schutz's phenomenological sociology:
He applied this philosophical idea to sociology.
-He argued that categories and concepts that we use cannot be unique to ourselves and that we share them with all other members of society.
He called shared categories of concepts and meanings 'Typifications.'
In his view, the meaning of any given experience varies according to its social context.
-For this reason, meanings are potentially unclear and unstable. (Especially if others categorise it in a different way to oneself)/
However, typifications stabilise and clarify meanings by ensuring that we are all 'speaking the same language,' (all agreeing on the meaning of something).
This makes it possible for us to communicate and cooperate with one another and therefore achieve our goals.
Without shared typifications, social order would be impossible.
Members of sciety (to a large extent) have a shared 'life…