Personality , attitudes , attributions and learned helplessness

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  • Created by: charlotte
  • Created on: 27-01-11 09:43

Personality :

- is the combination of those characteristics that make a person unique.

- Personality refers to those relatively stable and enduring aspects of an individuals behaviour.

- The study of personality has tendered to consider it as a result of nature - individuals are a product of the genes of their parents. A genetically inherited disposition.. or Nurture - A learned pattern of behaviour acquired through re inforcement, imitation of the behaviour of others and general enviromental influences..

-There are 2 approaches as to how success links to personality.. The credulous approach is the study that supports links between successful sports performance and a particular personality type .. The sceptical approach to the study of personality that questions the link between personality and sports performance..

- The personality structure is seen as a series of complex layers that interact with each other depending on our inherited traits and the situation. This is suggested by  Hollander in 19 67..

- The 3 layers consist of -

. A psychological core - This is the most basic level of your personality, including your attitudes, values , motives and beliefs..

. Typical response - This is the ways in which we learn to adjust to what is happening in the world around us. This is the middle layer.

. Role- related behaviour - This is based upon how we percieve our social situation. This is most changeable and easily influenced. These can change day to day . for example being a leader at a youth club and then going home to be a son / daughter..

 - eysencks type theory for nature - Eysenck regarded personality as inherited tendencies. He attempted to measure these inherited charateristics through a personality inventory. and personality questionnaire. A statistical techniqe known as factor analysis identifys general trends. Identifying 2 major personality dimensions. The first dimension is known as the introversion and extroversion dimension.. An extrovert is sociable, outgoing, talkative, active and optomistic.. An introvert is quiet, passive, unsociable, reserved and careful.. The second dimension is known as the stable and Neurotic dimension. This is based in the autonomic nervous system. The ANS system allows us to deal with stressful situations.

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