-1533 Henry VIII made himself head the church rather than the pope creating the Church of England.
-Protestant and consolidated in Elizabeth I's reign (1558-1603)
-Key features were controlled by the king/queen; a bible was always available in church along with an English Prayer book. But divided;
-Liked ceremony and tradition, accepted older 'Catholic' church structure and liturgy.
-Believed the church should be run by Bishops.
-Keep decoration and retain clerical vestments (clothes) priests had always worn.
Believed they were reforming but not destroying the old Catholic Church
-Churches should be stripped of all decoration and images.
-Priests in black and white
-Abolition of episcopacy (govt. of the church by bishops)
-Appointment of pastors by the congregation
-Replacement of alters with simple communion tables.
More radical; believed the pope was Satan and the anti-christ so wanted no Catholic origins on show
-He identified with the more conservative (more popular) wing of the English church.
-Elevation of William Laud to the bishopric of London 1628 and Archbishop of Canterbury 1633 showed this.
-He and other Arminian’s found favour under Charles and provoked opposition from puritans.
-Puritans were angered by influence of Catholics at Court.
-Charles approach to this lack of compliance was to see it as a useful source of income rather than irradiate it (BAD idea).
Reforms of Archbishop Laud
-Denied puritan doctrine of predestination; man in his own actions could not shape his afterlife as God had already decided.
-Stressed importance of ceremony and ritual 'beauty of holiness'
-Order, deference and hierarchy in Church.
-Bishops were instituted by God's law.
-Clergy should stress power of the king and obedience owed to him.
-Wished with Charles to oppose order and uniformity in religion.
-Moderate towards Rome; believed Rome was in error but not as seriously as puritans.
-Hoped for reconciliation between the Churches of England and Rome, to put an end to wars of religion. This would allow authorities to destroy puritans.
-Believed the Church of England needed to be re-endowed, since the reformation the church had been plundered.
Church land had fallen into lay hands and patronage of church livings; tithes (taxes to the local priest) and advowsons (right to nominate someone to a church living) were in the hands of laymen, many puritan.
-1633 Laud destroyed the Feoffees for impropriations for puritan sympathies.
-Local clergy were becoming poor ad profession was not attracting the best men. Encouraged the continuations of corruptions.
-He wished to restore the quality of the clergy and the fabric of churches as due to underfunding many had decayed,
-1631 Laud and Charles raised money to repair fabric of St. Paul's.
-Encouraged altars to be moved from the body of the Church, to the back and railed in.
-Encouraged the return of images, candles, gold and silver ornaments and bowing at the name of Jesus.
-Encouraged other bishops to carry out visitations of their churches and check upon puritan meetings.
Laud had his own three-year…