Performance-enhancing and recreational drugs

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A drug is a substance that can be taken in a many ways to produce physical and/or psychological effects. There are two main categories of drugs:

  • Performance-enhancing
  • Recreational

Performance-enhancing drugs include:

  • Anabolic Steroids
  • Beta Blockers
  • Diuretics 
  • Narcotic Analgesics
  • Stimulants
  • Peptide hormones including EPO(erythropoietin)

Recreational drugs:

  • Smoking and nicotine
  • Alcohol

All drugs have side effects for example, some drugs are addictive and most people who take it find it hard to give up.

Anabolic steroids are types of drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth. It is mostly use by the athletes to enhance their performance in sport. Anabolic steroids increases muscle mass and develop bone growth, which means it increases strength this then allows athlete to train harder and recover quicker. 

Steroids increase aggression, this is why some people take it. It's usually used to prevent muscle wastage. 

The side effects of anabolic steroids include:

  • increased risk of heart attack and strokes
  • high blood pressure
  • liver disease
  • increased risk of muscle injury
  • infertility in women
  • death

Beta blockers are drugs that are used to control the heart rate and having a calming and relaxing effect. These drugs are commonly used by people who have heart problems. Stress levels and anxiety is reduced when you take this type of drugs. However, beta blockers can reduce a fit person's heart rate to a very dangerous level.

The side effects of beta blockers include:

  • nausea and…





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