Treaty of Versailles
- 32 nations attended the conference, however no defeated countries were invited.
- USA, France, Britain, Italy and Japan dominated the conference
Motives and Aims of the Big Three
- Punish Germany so harshly that it is crippled
- Germany to be split into small states
- Reclaim territory which Germany had taken
- Germany to pay money and supplies to help rebuild France
- Germany to be lightly punished
- Strengthen democracy in the defeated countries
- International disarmament
- Countries of Eastern Europe to be self-determined
- Germany to be justly punished but not too harshly
- Germany to lose its navy and colonies
- For Germany and Britain to start as trading partners
- Disarmament of Germany
- Fulfil the British publics want for vengeance
Reasons for Aims
- Wanted revenge against Germany for the massive damage it suffered to its land-industry and people
- Two-thirds of the men who served in the French army had been killed or injured, therefore to many French people Germany looked powerful and threatening.
- He thought that if Germany was treated harshly, someday it would recover and want revenge.
- In strengthening democracy he believed the people would stop their leaders causing another war.
- The LofN would ensure peace.
- He was an idealist and he saw the treaty as an opportunity to enact upon his idealism.
- If Germany was treated too harshly he believed another war would ensue.
- He thought that the German navy and colonies posed a threat to the British Empire.
- If they began trading it would increase jobs for the British.
- He also wanted to revive Europe's economy.
- British public pressuring him into punishing Germany
- Satisfied = War Guilt Clause, the disarmament clause and getting back Alsace-Lorraine
- Not-satisfied = Thought that Germany wasn't punished harshly enough and that it still posed a threat to France
- -Overall = not-satisfied
- Satisfied = Was allowed self-determination in Eastern Europe
- -Not-satisfied = Germany no allowed to join the LoN, treaty was too harsh on Germany, didn't get most…
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