OUTLINE THE KEY IDEAS OF ARISTOTLE'S AND MORE MODERN VERSIONS OF VIRTUE ETHICS (18)

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OUTLINE THE KEY IDEAS OF ARISTOTLE'S AND MORE MODERN VERSIONS OF VIRTUE ETHICS (18)

  • enables people to achieve their highest purpose: to be virtuous
  • based on the views of Greek philosopher Aristotle
  • all things and human beings have a purpose or function (telos)
  • a complete explanation of anything would include its final cause or purpose –this purpose is to realise its potential and to fulfil its goal
  • the ultimate goal is human flourishing – to achieve eudemonia
  • eudemonia is developing those characteristics best suited to a person becoming virtuous
  • it is not about what people do, but what kind of person they are
  • e.g. being kind leads to someone becoming a kind person
  • end or purpose of humanity is rational thought and the highest good is to be found in intellectual virtue.
  • Aristotle said that people must pursue moral virtues
  • e.g. courage, temperance, magnificence
  • these virtues were qualities that lead to a good life
  • people should cultivate these qualities to maximise their potential for a happy life
  • get satisfaction from doing the right thing because it is the right thing not for

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