Levels of hierachy
Hierachy - where each level has responsibility for, and authority for the levels below.
Structures Tall and Flat
Tall structures have a long chin of command - affects communication and decision making.
Flat structure - few levels of hierachy meaning workers have more responisbility and freedom
But...... managers may get overwhelmed - no.of people reporting to them.
Spans of control
Wide Span of Control - If span of control too broad managers can find it hard to manage workforce effectively.
Narrow Span Of Control - workers can become demotivated…