What are the 4 stage of scientific process?
Why are laboratories used in controlled experiments?
What are the 3 types of particle atoms are made of?
-Protons, neutrons and electrons
What do electrons whizz around in?
Where is most of the mass of the atom concentrated?
Where is most of the space of the atom found?
Why is relative mass and relative charge for subatomic particles?
-They are so small
What is the word used to describe the mass of an electron. What is its actual mass?
What is the mass of 2 nucleons?
What is the charge of a nucleus of an atom?
What is the charge of a whole atom?
What charge will an atom have it loses 3 electrons?
What property is represented by the letter A for an atom?
-Mass (nucleon) number
What letter is used to show the Atomic (proton) number of an element?
Lithium has 7 nucleons and 3 protons. How many neutrons and electrons does it have?
-4 neutrons and 3 electrons
If an element has different numbers of protons and electrons, what is it called?
Negative ions have **** electrons than protons
Positive ions have more ******* than electrons
What is an isotope?
-Atom of the same element with different numbers of neutrons but same number of protons
What decides the chemical properties of an element?
-Number and arrangement of electrons
Why do isotopes have the same chemical properties as its own element?
-Same electron configuration
What may differ about isotopes of an element? Give examples
-Densities, rates of diffusion
Why do the physical properties of an isotope differ?
-Physical properties depend more on the mass of the atom
What is the name given to what we think an atom looks like now?
Why is the accepted model assumed as true?
-Fits all the observations and evidence so far, until someone shows that it’s incomplete or wrong
Where did the word ‘ATOM’ originate from? What does it mean?
-‘Atomos’ in Greek
What did the Ancients Greeks and John Dalton in 19th century think about atoms?
-They were indivisible particles (solid spheres), with different spheres for different elements
Who concluded in 1897 that atoms were not just solid spheres?
How did JJ Thompson prove that atoms were not just solid spheres?
-His measurements of charge and mass showed that an atom must contain even smaller, negatively charged particles.
What did JJ Thompson call the negatively charged particles? What do we call them now?
What was JJ Thompson’s new model of an atom described as?
-Plum pudding model
Briefly describe JJ Thompson’s plum pudding model
-Positively charged sphere with negative electrons embedded…