'A condition characterised by obsessions and/or compulsive behaviour'
- Compulsions are repetitive: Sufferers feel compelled to repeat a beahaviour.
- Compulsions reduce anxiety: The vast majority of compulsive behaviours are performed in an attempt to manage the anxiety produced by obsessions.
- Avoidance - Characterised by their avoidance as they attempt to reduce anxiety by keeping away from situations that trigger it.
- Anxiety and distress - The urge to repeat a behaviour creates anxiety.
- Accompanying depression - Low mood and lack of enjoyement in activities.
- Guilt and disgust - Over minor moral issues, or disgust, which may be directed against somehting external or oneself.
- Obsessive thoughts - Unpleasant recurring thoughts.
- Cognitive strategies to deal with obsessions.
- Insight into exessive anxiety - Catastrophics thoughts about the worst case scenario that might result if their anxieties were justified.
Explaining OCD: The Biological approach
- Researchers have identified genes, which create vulnerability for OCD, called candidate genes.
- OCD seems to be polygenic, meaning that…