• Why did Charles II fail to achieve his aim of a broadly based and tolerant religious settlement in the 1660s?

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Why did Charles II fail to achieve his aim of a broadly based and tolerant religious settlement in the 1660s?

Intro - Multiple factors in the failure of Charles' aims, namely the act of uniformity, the retention of the existence of religious dissenters and the wishes of Parliament to protect the church of England. 

Factor 1, Survival of religious radicalism - Ill concieved and innefectual London rising, organised by fifth-monarchist Thomas Venner. This revived the old fear of religious radicals that had been present since the civil war. The fifth monarchists had been active since 1649 but believed that the second coming of Christ would take place in 1666. 

Factor 2, The refusal of parliament to allow religious toleration and the conservative's desire for revenge-  In the immediate aftermath of the collapse of the protectorate, Parliamentary elections were held. This saw Charles II's first parliament full of consrvative cavaliers who were bent on revenge. For Puritans and moderates at the Savoy conference in 1661, this…

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