Nucleophilic Substitution (Hydrolysis)

HideShow resource information

In nucleophilic substitution, an atom or group of atoms is replaced by a nucleophile (an electron pair donor).

During hydrolysis, the halogen atom is replaced by the hydroxide ion. The substitution takes place as follows:

The hydroxide ion, OH-, has a lone pair of electrons. These are attracted and donated to the electron-deficient carbon atom in the halogenoalkane. This is nucleophilic attack.

The donation of the electron pair leads to the formation of a new covalent…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Intermolecular forces resources »