Neutralisation

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  • Created by: Bob Loe
  • Created on: 08-01-12 13:45

Neutralisation

You need to be able to describe the reactions of hydrochloric acid and sulphuric acid with metal hydroxides, metal oxides and metal carbonates.

Metal hydroxides

Metal hydroxides, such as sodium hydroxide, usually dissolve in water to form clear, colourless solutions.

When an acid reacts with a metal hydroxide, the only products formed are a salt plus water. 

acid + metal hydroxide    →    a salt + water

You usually observe these things during the reaction:

  • there is a temperature rise
  • the pH of the reaction…

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