What is Natural Moral Law?
- Originates from Aristotle and was later developed by Thomas Aquinas.
- It is an absolute theory of ethics, which is rooted in our human nature and out search for genuine happiness.
- By using our reason we are able to to reflect upon human nature, we could discover our specific end telos/purpose.
- It is based on nature interpreted by human reason.
The origins of Natural Law
- earliest theory appeared among the Stoics. (Founded by Zeno of Citium) Who believed that God is everywhere and in everyone.
- humans have the choice whether to obey the laws that govern the universe which they use there reason.
- the natural way to respond is to act though reason rather than emotion
- Aristotle view that people like every other natural object has a specific purpose/function
The supreme good is not found until until the object fulfils its function of purpose.
Example: the purpose of a knife is to cut, the supreme good is the knife cuts sharply.
The supreme good for humanity it's eudaimonia - which means happiness and flourishing .
''Reason is the true self of every man" - Nichomachean
The Natural Law of Thomas Aquinas
Aquinas used the ideas of Aristotle and the Stoics as basis for natural law
1- humans have essential rational nature which is a gift from God.
2- this works without God because we can still discover the laws that lead to human flourishing.
3- natural laws are universal and unchangeable