Natural Law - Aristotle and Aquinas

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  • Created by: Priya
  • Created on: 29-03-13 12:31

Aristotle (384 - 322BC)

  • Theory of Causes - essence (intrinsic nature which determines character) of something.
  • Efficient Cause - how something happens, what brings something about e.g. to make a book you need paper; paper is the Efficient Cause in this case.
  • Final Cause - the ultimate purpose of something; the purpose of a book is to be read. It gives an explanation of an object.
  • The Efficient Cause can be applied to humans because we know we are a result of our parents.
  • Aristotle also asked about the purpose of human life; the Final Cause.
  • Eudaimonia - the purpose of all human life is all-round well-being which leads to happiness. Our main aim in life is to be happy.
  • The idea of morality…


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