The accepted definition of murder is...

The unlawful killing of a reasonable person in being under the Queen's peace with malice aforethought 


There may be many lawful reasons for death. The homicide can be made lawful by using a compete defence such as self-defence. 


Killing is the accelaration of death i.e.  bringing forward the time of their death from the time it should have been (R v Adams)

The killing can occur through a positive act or an omission- 5 Omissions:

  • Official position (Dytham)
  • Relationship (Gibbins and Procter)
  • Duty taken on voluntarily (Stone and…


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