Mount Soufriere, Montserrat

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 29-05-15 15:35

Background

  • Caribbean Island - 12km x 8km
  • 1100 people
  • Industry - agriculture, fishing, tourism
  • Avg household income a year - £2800
  • British Overseas Territory
  • Dormant for previous 100 years

Causes

  • Composite volcano in South East -- sudden violent eruptions
  • Destructive Margin - North & South American plates subducting under Caribbean plate
  • Crust melts - forms magma which is less dense so rises and erupts

Timeline

  • July '95 - first evacuations following clouds of ash and steam
  • Sept '95 - first small pyroclastic flow
  • March '96- Sept '96 - dome collapses, 3rd and final

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