Moral argument - Kant

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  • Created by: Lottie
  • Created on: 15-05-12 13:56

Kant was a philosopher who analysed Aquinas’ 4th way and devised his proof for God based on morality as he stated that we all have a sense of innate moral awareness thus there must be something that drives us to be moral, that being God.

Firstly, he explained the rationality of moral behaviour. He stated that we all have a sense of innate moral awareness therefore from this we are under obligation to be virtuous. An average level of virtue is not enough, we are obliged to aim for the highest standard possible and that true virtue should be rewarded with happiness. This happiness is called Summum bonum. This is the ideal state where human virtue and happiness are united. Moral statements are prescriptive therefore ‘ought’ implies ‘can’. It is beyond u to ensure that we are rewarded with happiness therefore there must be a God who had power to ensure that virtue and happiness coincide.

Secondly, he stated that we have good reason to be moral. This is because if we ought to do something


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