Monsoons are seasonal reversals of wind direction that affect the Indian sub-continent and are caused by the following factors:
- Extreme heating and cooling of large land masses in relation to the surrounding sea, which impacts on pressure and winds.
- The Himalayas that are high enough to interfere with atmospheric circulation.
- Movement northwards of the ITCZ in summer in the northern hemisphere.
The ITCZ shifts northwards as the sun is overhead at the Tropic of Cancer. Insolation over…
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