Introduction to Modernisation:
For a country to be deemed 'modern' they must first undergo an evolutionary process of technological and industrial advancements which, in turn, lead to an overall increased standard of living. However undeveloped countries face particular boundaries that prevent this process taking place and those are of internal faults e.g poverty or corruption.
Following the second world war, many countries were left stricken by poverty. Communist ideologies started to arise as an alternative in this time of disorganisation. The communism-fearing West felt communist threatened the Capitalist structures they favoured. In order to prevent the spread of communism, the West decided that the only solution was to restore prosperity in these countries. Modernisation theory was developed to explain how a country might go about doing this and to explain why some countries failed to evolve into modern society.
Rostow believed there were economic barriers to development. These included a lack of financial capital, lack of investment in technology and infrastructures and an overall lack of pre-conditions to the stage Rostow called 'take off' in his five stages of development...