© Scout is a miserable because Jem is maturing and seems distant. Atticus is away for 2 weeks
© Calpurnia comforts her but is unable to make up for Dill’s absence this summer.
© Calpurnia takes the children to the black church.
© Lula makes them feel unwelcome and shows how the blacks are racist too, but mostly that no matter what race there’s good and bad of everyone
© The rest of the black people are nice, “we’re mighty glad to have you all.”
© The children realize that Calpurnia has a life apart from them with the other black people in Maycomb.
© She even speaks to a different language, she uses language appropriate for situation, she’s tactful
© They learn the values of tolerance and sympathy.
© Church is poor, no hymn books ect and they cant read anyway
© Calpurnia’s retort to Lula “It’s the same God aint it” highlights the irony of prejudice in Maycomb where white Christians look down on their fellow black Christians.
© The Black community make a big sacrifice to donate to “brother toms” family, as they earn less, poor and uneducated
© The presentation of the black community is an idealistic and therefore biased but it balances out the prejudice from the majority of the white community
© White people gamble in the black church in the week, undermining the black christians
© The chapter ends with the arrival of Aunt Alexandra. (cliff hanger)
- Aunt Alexandra has come to stay at to look after the children while Atticus is busy preparing the case.
- Aunt Alexandra sees it as a good opportunity to instil some family pride into the children and to provide them with some “female influence.”
- Aunt Alexandra fits in well because she loves having the ladies over for coffee and Scout would often find her in the “living room, overrun with Maycomb ladies, sipping, whispering, fanning.” She loves playing hostess and gossiping. Gets on well with miss Stephanie
- Aunt Alexandra is welcomed warmly. Miss Maudie baked her a lane cake and “Mr. Nathan Radley went so far as to come up in the front yard and say he was glad to see her.” She became part of the missionary ladies (hypocritical bunch tried to do good things for the people in Africa but openly mistreat their black servants)
- Aunt Alexandra disapproves of the Calpurnia and tries to get rid of her saying to Atticus “we don’t need her now.”
- Aunt Alexandra also shares the racism of the town (shown by Francis)
- She thinks that anyone who is not a Finch is of a lower class.
- Atticus tries to please his sister by giving them a talk about their proud family history…