Methods in context - observation (2)


Non-participant observation:

Positivists prefer this approach, specifically structured non-participant observation as it provides a systematic way of analysing classroom interaction. The researcher is not present within this method, and there is a checklist of things to observe which can be turned into quantitative data.

Interpretivists prefer unstructured non-participant observation which generates rich and detailed qualitative data that captures the meaning behind classroom interactions.


  • Not as time-consuming and is cheaper than participant observation
  • findings can


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