Normative ethics: the area of ethics that attempts to discuss whether something is right or wrong, good or bad.
Empirical evidence: information that is gained using sensory data (ie. what we see, hear, smell, taste and touch).
Cognitive: a statement that is subject to being true or false. For example, 'the cat is asleep on the chair'.
Non-cognitive: a statement that is not subject to truth or falsity. For example, 'hurray' or 'ouch'.
Analytic statements: statements that are true by definition, eg. 1+1=2.
Synthetic statements: statements in which the predicate is not a necessary part of the description, eg. 'The mermaid has a large comb'.
- Normative ethics deals with what things are right and wrong.
- They help people to understand what is right and moral and what is wrong and immoral.
- Meta-ethical statements deal with what it means to claim that something is right or wrong.
- In fact meta-ethics is closely linked to normative ethics and trying to understand the meanings of the terms in the theories.
- In the statement 'this is a good gun', normative ethics would explore whether the gun is morally good, whilst meta-ethics would try to understand what we means…