HISTORY REVISION NOTES
RENAISSANCE MEDICINE (1453 – 1750)
· The fall of Constantinople = drove scholars with Greek/Roman knowledge westwards.
· Artists (Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Titian) revolutionised painting à studied body in detail, improved anatomy.
· Uni’s began to use the scientific method of experimenting and recorded and comparing results.
· Invention of the printing press = new ideas to spread quickly across Europe.
· Many people still rejected new ideas because of the church and its beliefs.
· Discovery of America meant new ideas/foods were brought back.
· New weapons = new types of injuries = challenged surgeons/doctors medical knowledge.
· New weapons e.g. gunpowder and cannons = advancement in the art of war.
· The first mechanical clock was invented à they showed: time in hours, and the motion of the sun, moon and five planets; the clock weighed about 500 pounds.
· Governments (e.g. Henry VIII) were strong and rich à economy boomed and trade prospered.
· People could afford doctors now.
· Still didn’t know about germs à couldn’t develop new medicine/cures for patients.
Renaissance Medical Knowledge
· Vesalius and Harvey moved medical knowledge forward dramatically.
- Andreas Vesalius specialised in human anatomy.
- He published ‘Fabric of the Human Body’ and had high quality illustrations by Leonardo Da Vinci.
- He used the printing press which had just been invented.
- Said blood DID NOT pass through invisible holes in the septum, he discovered spermatic vessels.
- Said the jaw was made of one bone not two.
- Said Galen was wrong when he said the muscles were attached to bones.
· William Harvey specialised in the heart…