HISTORY REVISION NOTES
MEDIEVAL MEDICINE (476 – 1453)
· Medical knowledge lost when the Roman Empire collapsed.
· Lack of resources to build public health systems.
· People encouraged to rely on prayer and superstitions to cure them = prevented medical exploration.
· Europe developed into small fiefdoms, each governed by local lord.
· Division = knowledge spread slowly; extremely difficult/dangerous to share knowledge with so many fights between fiefdoms.
Medieval Medical knowledge
· Greek and Roman books of knowledge were lost.
· Universities = lectures were rudimentary (undeveloped), involved a butcher pointing to parts of the body, and reading a passage from books written by famous doctors e.g. Galen.
· Church forbid dissection of human bodies = couldn’t explore and misunderstood anatomy, e.g. Italian doctor Alderotti claimed ‘combing the hair comforted the brain’.
· Believed that disease was caused by:
1) Four Humours.
3) Sin (flagellants whipped themselves to punish)
4) Bad smells.
5) Stagnant water (water that doesn’t flow/move)
7) Miasma (bad air).
· Surgery left to barbers-surgeons (NOT trained…