HISTORY REVISION NOTES
· The importance of WAR for Roman Medicine:
1) Healthy Roman Empire = Healthy Romans (PUBLIC HEALTH)
2) Captured Greek slaves brought Greek doctors to Rome.
3) Roman Empire developed some of the first hospitals.
4) Wounded soldiers = anatomical/surgical skills developed by army doctors.
Roman knowledge about the body and disease
· Roman doctors learnt a lot of their skills from dealing with gladiators in the amphitheatres.
· Human dissection forbidden = Allowed to dissect hanged criminals and washed up bodies from cemeteries.
· However Galen and others relied on animal dissection = various errors in anatomy.
· Galen had good knowledge of bone structure; studies the lungs, muscles, heart, blood and nervous system.
· Galen wrote about 350 books.
· Dramatic dissection of pig led to discovery that brain NOT heart controlled the body.
· Romans accepted the ‘Theory of the Four Humours’ but rejected Greek ideas and discontinued investigation into disease, therefore Roman knowledge of disease did not progress.
· Roman Ideas about disease:
1) Stars, planets and astrology.
2) Poisonous swamp vapours.
3) Tiny creatures too small to see.
4) INBALANCE IN THE FOUR HUMOURS!
· Galen’s mistakes:
1) Muscles were attached to bones (they aren’t; he dissected a dog)
2) Blood flowed through invisible holes in the septum. (There are not invisible hole in the septum)