Medicine + Surgery: State of Health C20th/Development of the NHS

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C20th Advances:

  • Specialised team
    • Surgeon
    • Nurses
    • Technician
    • Anaesthetist
  • Overcome infection, pain and blood loss
    • Anaesthetics, antiseptics, asepsis, blood transfusions, anti-clotting
  • Specialist surgery
    • Brain, heart etc.

Factors which affected health in C20th:

  • Government
    • Unemployment
    • Wages
    • Pensions
  • Scientific discoveries
    • Vitamins
    • Magic bullet
    • X-rays
    • Vaccines
  • Living conditions
    • Council housing
    • Water and sewage
    • Poor condition led to disease
  • Medical care
    • Price of care
    • Link to workhouses
    • Inequality
    • Availability
    • Contraception
  • Nutrition
    • Pasteurised milk
    • Good diet
    • Free school meals

What is the National Health Service (NHS)?

  • A system set up by the government in 1948 to provide free medical care for everyone
  • Overseen by:
    • Government minister - Minister for Health
    • Local Board of Health, set up in 15 areas
    • Local areas, provided with government money
  • Umbrella organisation has:
    • Dental
    • Optician
    • Vaccines
    • Hospital treatment
    • Doctors
    • Anti- and post-natal care
    • School nurses

Why was the NHS introduced?

  • Long-term causes:
    • Many people could not afford medical treatment
      • Economic recession in 30's
        • high unemployment
        • high prices
        • little money
    • Unequal

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