Medicine + Surgery: Key Individuals in Medicine: Jenner, Pasteur and Koch

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  • Created by: Frankey
  • Created on: 08-06-10 11:44

Edward Jenner:

  • Vaccination
    • Smallpox
      • 1750-1800 40,000 died a year
      • fever/headaches/rash/pus filled boils
    • Replaced Inoculation
      • brought back from Turkey by Lady Montague
      • skin scratched with actual disease
      • Inoculation stables
        • inoculated then quarantined
        • For
          • only method available
          • if worked, cheaper than supporting widows and orphans
        • Against
          • very risky
          • many died/left blind/deaf
          • could cause epidemic
    • Experiment
      • 1796 took cowpox pus from dairy maid Sarah Nelmes
        • noticed didn't catch smallpox if had caught cowpox
      • passed onto 8yr old James Phipps
      • allowed side effects to pass
      • inoculated with smallpox
      • repeated experiment 25 times then published his findings
        • scientific/fate/chance
      • For
        • worked
          • smallpox virtually eradicated
          • 
      • Against
        • wasn't free
          • poor couldn't afford
        • superstition
          • afraid might turn into cows
        • took time and money to be…

Comments

lottie maddison

thanks so much

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