Medicine - Industrial Disease

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Urban diseases

  • Industrial Revolution: huge growth in towns - people moved closer; factories
  • Low wages meant several families shared low-quality housing
  • No laws to provide sewers, fresh water or toilets, or to remove rubbish
  • Infectious diseases spread more rapidly
  • 1831 - Cholera for first time: pressure on the local authorities to take action
  • Cholera could kill someone within a day and spread rapidly through communities
  • The first outbreak in Britain killed thousands in just a few weeks

Edwin Chadwick

  • He undertook a survey of conditions in working class areas of towns to work out how to reduce the taxes needed for workhoueses.
  • 1842

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