Medicine - Health care since 1900 (1)

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Health care until 1948

  • Most healthcare was still done by women in the family using herbal or folk remedies, patent or other medicines bought from a chemist
  • Doctors charged for each visit, used mainly by the wealthy
  • Increasingly, doctors were either GPs who set up "practices" and visited patients in the homes, or specialists who worked in large hospitals
  • Most cities had infirmaries, fever houses and asylums offering free basic care for the poor. They were run by local authorities and/or charities

Government role

  • 1902 - Midwives Act: midwives to be trained and registered
  • 1907 - Health visitors paid by government to help mothers
  • 1911 - National Insurance Act

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