Medicine Stands Still


Who treated the sick?

  • Barber Surgeons
  • Wise Women
  • Monks in monastries
  • Trained doctors

Types of treatments.

  • Clinical observation
  • Balancing the four humours
  • Checking the position of stars 
  • Praying


  • Lacking scientific knowledge
  • Medical training involved reading Church approved texts

Influence of Hippocratates.

  • Emphasisis the importance of clinical observation
  • Therory of the Four Humours and the need to balance them.
  • Bleeding was a popular treatment.

The Four Humours.

  • Blood
  • Phlegm 
  • Yellow Bile
  • Black Bile

InInfluence of Galen

  • Dissected animals
  • Believed in design theory
  • Church banned people from questioning his work
  • Gladiator School allowed him to develop his techniques
  • He stressed the importance of of listening to a patients pulse

Influence of the Church.

  • Taught that illness was sent as a punishment from God
  • Controlled universities
  • Banned human dissection
  • Recommended pilgramages
  • Arrested monk Roger Bacon for suggesting that doctors should do orignial research and not trust old books
  • Set up over 700 hospitals

Function of Hospitals.

  • Mainly a place for people to rest and recover
  • Linked to monastries
  • Monks provided nursing care
  • Offered herbal treatments
  • Had phsyic gardens

How Islamic medicine was more advanced than the West

  • Islamic doctors wrote medical texts- spread to Britain via crusaders and trade
  • Avicenna wrote the Canon of Medicine which remained as an important text
  • It listed the medical properties of 760 differnt drugs
  • Hospitals treated patients and trained doctors

Medieval surgical procedures.

  • Bloodletting
  • Amputation
  • Trepanning
  • Cauterisation
  • Anasthetics included: mandrake root, opium


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