Maternal Deprivation and Short-term and Long-term deprivation, Bowlby

  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 09-01-11 19:30

Deprivation- Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis

  • Child requires a continuous primary carer throughout a sensitive period

Two serious consequences of child failing to form an attachment or attachment being disrupted:

1) Affectionless Psychopathy- the inability to experience guilt or deep feelings for others. Associated with criminality

Evidence: Bowlby (1946) 44 Juvinile Thieves- found those who had prolonged seperation in their first 2 years were 7X more likely to display affectionless psychopathy

2) Developmental Retardation- deprivation hinders intellectual development so children who have been deprived will have a low IQ.

Evidence: Goldfarb (1943) studied children raised in institutions for the first three years of their lives. Found they had reduced IQ than those who were fostered.



Evidence:Goldfarb (1955)- study of children in institutions. The aim of the study was to see if later fostering would be successful if a child had experienced long term deprivation. Found that children who were adopted or fostered later were less emotionally stable, intellectually behind and were less mature. They also had problems in adolescence. Therefore, children should not experience early deprivation and should therefore not enter institutions.

2 types of early experience:

1) Short term deprivation:

  • Children are seperated from their


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