Marxist theory of religion

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Marxists see all societies as divided into two classes, one of which exploits the labour of the other. in modern capitalist society, the capitalist class who own the means of production exploit the working class. this creates class conflict.

Religion as ideology;

  • the class that controls economic production also controld the production and distribution of ideas, through institutions such as religion and the media
  • in marx's view, religion operates as an ideological weapon used by the ruling class to legitimate the suffering of the poor as something inevitableand god-given. religion leads the poor to believe they will be rewarded for their suffering in the afterlife.
  • such ideas create a flase…


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