marxist and functonalist thoerys on religion

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  • Created by: marie
  • Created on: 04-10-11 15:34

Marxists theories of religion
Marx sees religion as the product of alienation. Alienation exists in all class societies, but is more extreme under capitalism. under capitalism, workers are more alienated because they do not own what they produce and have no control over the production process, and thus no freedom to express their true nature as creative beings. alienation reaches a peak with the detailed division of labour in the capitalism factory, where the worker endlessly repeats the same minutes task, devoid of all meaning or skill. Marx says 'religion is the opium of the people. it is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the hear of the heartless world, the soul of the soulless conditions, the spirit of the spiritless situation.' Religion acts as the opiate to dull the pain of exploitation. Religion also acts as a ideology that legitimates both the suffering of the poor and the privileges of the…


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