Marxist theories of religion

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  • Society is divided into two classes
  • The middle class exploit the labour of the working class
  • Religion is a feature of a class-divided society
  • In a classless society (as Marx predicted would happen) there would be no need for religion

Religion as ideology

  • Belief system that distorts people's perception of reality, in ways that serve the interst of the working class
  • The ruling class control production and distribution od ideas
  • Religion= ideological weapon used to legitimate the suffering of the poor as something inevitable and God given
  • E.g. " It is easier for a camel to pass through they eye of a needle than a rich man to enter…


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