The Manchurian Crisis.
Effects of great depression on Japan (Background knowledge) ;
Japan was a small country, with hardly any raw materials other than Silk. It relied on the silk exports to other countries in exchange for other raw materials such as coal, rubber and iron for its industries and factories.
When the american economy went through the great depression in 1929, America put up tariffs (taxes) on Japanese goods in order to protect its own industries. Because Japan found it more difficult to export their goods, many factories and industries closed down and Japan was in detestation.
Japan had a very powerful army consisting of influential leaders. They decided that success could be won by military conquest. The target was obvious.
Since 1904 the Japanese had the right to build a railway line through the Chinese province, Manchuria. The Japanese had an army based around the railway line to protect it. Manchuria possessed excellent supplies of raw materials such as iron, coal and oil. So this got the Japanese into thinking they could expand their influence in Manchuria.
The Mukden Incident;
On 18th September 1931, part of the Japanese railway was destroyed near Mukden. This was the perfect opportunity to invade. The Japanese army claimed the Chinese had deliberately…