Majority Electoral Systems


Majority Electoral Systems

First Past The Post

  • Almost all elections carried out in the UK prior to 1997 were FPTP
  • Still used today in general elections and westminster elections
  • Used in local government elections too
  • Voters only have one vote and cannot rank candidates in order of preference
  • Constituencies are single member constituencies
  • Each represented by one MP
  • However in some local elections, some wards have 3 members
  • Winner does not need to achieve absolute majority
  • Needs a 'plurality' or a simple majority which means one more vote than the runner up party
  • It is common for an MP to be elected on less than 40% of the vote
  • 646 constituencies


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