Main Research Methods


Naturalistic Observation

Takes place in child’s own env + no var manip e.g. parent notes child’s behav in diary.

+ high ecol validity- nat behav cos real life, familiar setting.

 – extraneous var- no control so can’t be sure what caused results


Controlled Observation

Child obs by researcher in lab. Some var contr e.g. child given certain toy + obs thr mirror.

 + More control so less extran var + can est cause + effect.

– Obs bias- expectations


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