Macbeth Nature and Unnatural Essay Plan

Nature and Unnatural Essay Plan

Fair is foul, and foul is fair;

Hover through the fog and filthy air.

à Three witches discuss their upcoming meeting with Macbeth. They chant line about the moral uncertainty and decay of Scotland

à‘fair is foul’ means that what seems genuine is in fact evil, while ‘foul is fair’ inversely means that what appears negative is actually positive.

à The witches point out the fickle quality of appearances which is a recurring theme throughout the play contending that foul and fair things can easily be mistaken for each other.

àImage ‘fog and filthy air’ similarly foreshadows how the senses will be muddled in the text, preventing characters from accurately perceiving hat would be fair or foul.

àShowcases how symbols and ethics will become mixed up in the tragedy.

à Supernatural creatures, the witches seem decrepit and ‘foul’ at times but their prophecies are also accurate which would make them ‘fair’

àThese lines do not only make a distinction between false appearance and honest reality but rather question the very ability to determine the moral goodness of any such reality.


Stars, hide your fires!
Let not light see my black and deep desires.

à Religion, he decides to commit a sin and remove the threats posed to him

àRejection of God is seen as a sin itself in Jacobean times

à Gothic


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