Lord Liverpool

HideShow resource information


How government reacted to radical reform

Reason for Popular Protest (1815)

· End of French War – no need for patriotism

· Economic distress – war = expense, luddites, growing population, capitalist farming system

· Population growth and poverty

· The impact of industrialisation

· The emergence of the radical press

· Hampden Clubs and Union societies

· Henry Hunts public speaking

· The weakness of alternative means of protest

· The nature of government policy

Popular Protest (1815-16)

Uprisings were economic rather than political

Spa Fields Riots- Hunger strike -> Political blame -Mass meetings, Inspiring public, Organised by Speceans, springboard for uprisings

Aims of Speceans- Supported revolution, opportunistic or planned?

The note of Hunt- knew nothing of uprising, good speaker, and roused crowds

Impact of Spa Fields- alarmed government most, clamp down on protests, intensified by attack on prince regent, like reign of terror Liverpool suspended H Corpus and Seditious Meetings

March of Blanketeers- hunger march, 4,500 people – was dispersed, leaders arrested, were met by army (one shot many wounded)

The Pentrich Rebellion- 1st attempt of w.class rev without m.class help, inevitable- gov concentrated on terror and punishment, 2 major rebellions (Derbyshire- 200 ill workers, leaders arrested on high treason, 3 leaders executed, caught by government spy)

The Peterloo Massacre- 60,000, forces sent in panic began, 11 killed 4600 injured – symbol of repression

Response to radical threat

· Haebus Corpus suspended

Passed 6 Acts

· Seditious Meetings Prevention Act

· Seizure of Arms Act

· Blasphemous and Seditious Libels Act

· Training Prevention Act

· Newspaper and Stamp Duties Act

· Misdemeanours Act

Essay Question – How serious was the radical threat to Liverpool’s government from 1812-1822?

Liverpool- Finance

Corn Laws

Corn Prices- fell due to good harvest; return to peace meant more imports, low corn prices

Consequences- many bankruptcies, reduction on rent, reduction on wages, farming distress

1815 Corn law- prohibited corn imports, Br corn had to be over 80 shillings, ensured local farms to charge high prices

Liverpool’s attitude- temporary measure

Landed attitude- long term measure, favoured producers

Manufacturers attitude- parliament interfering w.free market, narrows own interests

Radical attitudes- class legislation, help farmers, penalises w.class

Liverpool’s justification- protects farmers, lgst economic interest, nat.security, legislation maintains stability, largest employer, parliament dominated by l.owners



No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »