Long Term Factors of Voting Behaviour

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Long Term Determinants of Voting Behaviour

Party Identification

  • Due to class, upbringing and other social influences people tend to identify with a certain political party
  • Working class tend to vote Labour
  • Middle class tend to vote Conservative
  • This is however in decline as there are now more floating voters
  • Opinion polls show that few voters actually strongly identify with a specific party
  • Membership to the conservative party is down by over 1.5 million since 1950
  • Party ideology changes - New Labour, Thatcherism

Social Class

  • Social structures have alwas contributed to voter behaviour
  • People are indocrtinated from birth by their families, neighbourhoods and other outside surrounding factors to support certain ideologies and reject others
  • Butler and Stokes showed that many teenagers shared political values with their parents as they are their primary form of influence from childhood
  • Class based voting- Pulzer

Geographical Factors

  • North-South divide
  • North tends to be more Labour orientated
  • South tends to be more Conservative
  • Industrial cities are mainly in the North
  • Scotland is almost 100% SNP
  • Rise of Scottish Nationalism


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