Loftus - Factors affecting identification

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  • Created on: 14-04-11 09:34

Loftus - Factors Affecting Identification

Eyewitness identification, in criminal law, is evidence received from a witness "who has actually seen an event and can so testify in court".

The presence of a weapon has also been shown to diminish the accuracy of eyewitness recall, often referred to as the "weapon-focus effect". This phenomenon has been studied at length by eyewitness researchers, and the findings have consistently demonstrated that eyewitnesses recall the identity of a perpetrator less accurately when a weapon was present during the incident. Eminent psychologist Elizabeth Loftus used eye-tracking technology to monitor this effect, and found that the presence of a weapon draws a witness's visual focus away from other things, such as the perpetrator's…


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