Loftus and Palmer 'Reconstruction of Automobile destruction'

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  • Created by: Yvonne
  • Created on: 21-04-11 09:30


  • Bartlett's schema theory suggests that the gaps in one's memory are filled with information from one's schema which is comprised of past experiences.


1)Investigate effect of leading questions on accuracy of speed estimates in car crash.

2)accuracy of perceived consequences of a car crash

Design: Lab Experiment

Procedure 1:

  • 45 students
  • 7 films of car accidents
  • Critical question - 'how fast were the cars going when they ... each other?'
  • Independent variable - verb used i.e. hit, bumped, collided, smashed, contacted.
  • Dependent variable - estimated speed


  • 'Smashed' gave highest speed…



Helped me understand it more, could do with abit more detail though :)

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