- to whether leading questions could distort a persons memory
- 2 EXPERIMENTS
- Both lab experiments
- 1: IV=verb used, DV= memory recall (speed estimates)
- 2: IV= verb used DV= Broken glass?
- 1: 45 Students from Washington Uni, 9 per group, representative/individual differences?
- 2: 150 Students (50 per group)
- 1: Independent groups (5 groups)
- 2: Independent groups (3 groups)
- 1: shown 7 film clips (road safety/traffic accidents), 5 seconds - 30 seconds long, watched in different order (counter-balancing) filled in questionnaire after watching clip - direct questions e.g. colour and critical question 'how fast were the cars going when they...' (smashed, collided, bumped, hit, contacted)
- 2: same as 1st experiment but 'hit', 'smashed' and control group used, saw 1 clip with multiple car pile up - speed varied amongst group - reliable as re-test of 1st experiment, a week later filled in another questionnaire 'was there any broken glass' (NONE WAS EVIDENT ON THE FILM)
- 1: contacted=31.8mph average, smashed=40.8mph average whereas the…